Drones are considered a nuisance by many people. In the United States, nearly 1.3 million drones are registered, and around 116,000 registered drone operators. While it may be tempting to shoot a drone out of the sky, it is against state and federal laws. Therefore, how do you take down a drone legally?
Destroying, interfering with, or damaging a drone is a federal crime. Because drones are categorized as aircraft, they are subject to the same regulations as planes. There are, however, some legal ways to take down drones legally. Continue reading to learn more about what you need to know.
You can use nets to catch a drone in a few different ways. One method is to use a larger drone and attach a web to it. Then, like the authorities in Tokyo, Japan, scoop up the annoying one from your internet and deliver it to the ground, as they do with the prohibited use of drones in the city.
A SkyWall 100 drone catcher would be a different way to use baits. This massive launcher, designed by British engineers, precisely targets the infringing drone and fires a capsule that releases a web-like web that encircles it. It’s a parachute that detaches safely, returning the drone to the ground.
Blocking the signal between the drone and control is one method of carrying a drone. DroneDefender, for example, is a system that can interrupt a call and return the caller to where it originated or gently slide it into the floor.
However, because these devices aren’t readily publicly available, obtaining one will be difficult unless you’re a federal agent.
Another option is to hack the WiFi sign on the drone, but this is highly illegal and could leave your system vulnerable to hacking.
It is another method for disrupting normal connectivity between a drone and its operator. This involves spoofing a signal used to connect with the drone with hardware or software. The spoofer can take control of the drone this way. Depending on the equipment used, the person applying this method may even view its camera feed to get the drone’s data. In the United States, spoofing is also prohibited.
Jamming a Drone:
Drones are equipped with a transmitter as well as a receiver. This means it communicates with its controller using a variety of radio frequencies. These can include GPS, WiFi, and handheld devices.
To prevent the drone from communicating, jamming equipment sends out a signal on its frequency. You’ll be interrupting the drone’s signal. However, you may also unintentionally disrupt the propagation of other radio signals (such as police radios). So, interfering with any radio signal is prohibited. In fact, federal law forbids the use and the sale of any equipment that interacts with legal radio communications.
This law refers to anyone who tries to interfere with a drone’s operator’s signal. You should also be aware that simply jamming a drone’s signal does not imply that you have control over it. This is because if a drone’s signal is lost, it will either land on the location or use GPS to return to its home location.
The main difference between jamming and hijacking a drone is that the operator’s control is simply disrupted by jamming. You can take control of a drone and force it to land if you hijack it.
There are two main ways to take control of a drone:
- You can send out a competing command signal that will overpower the original. The drone will become weaker as it moves away from its operator.
- You can send malicious code to the drone that will hack it.
To send out a competing signal, you’ll need some knowledge. Because the command signal is a standard open waveform, no special transmitter is required. You need an app, iPhone, and a power amplifier to get started. For example, if you’re dealing with a hobby drone, you should know it operates on the 2.4 gigahertz frequency band. This is how the drone is controlled. Because the drone’s receiver won’t be able to tell where the command signal is coming from, the network’s strongest signal will be used.
Birds Of Prey:
Following in the government’s footsteps is one way you might be able to take down a drone with minimal consequences. It also appears to work. They’ve been collaborating with Guard From Above on training eagles to catch and recover drones in the sky.
Even though this is technically not prohibited because the crazy bird could be snatching it rather than you, it is unlikely that you will be able to do so unless you are a qualified falconer with a few birds of prey on hand.
However, there are concerns about protecting the birds, as well as research is underway to determine whether the turning blades of the drones they capture pose any danger to the birds.
Legal Aspects of taking down a drone:
To claim self-defense, you must demonstrate that the drone poses a threat of lethal force. Because the airspace above your house is not yours, you won’t be able to claim self-defense if a drone is shot down. Instead, the FAA is in charge of all airspace. A weapon must be installed on the drone.
Homeowners are subject to the same civil laws that apply to federal, state, and local governments. It is illegal in the United States to shoot down drones flying above your property. If you damage the drone owner’s property, you may be sued. Several factors could be to blame, including:
- Title 18 US Code 32 makes it illegal to shoot down and destroy aircraft. Drones are classified as “aircraft” by the Federal Aviation Administration.
- Simply firing a weapon is sometimes considered criminal harm. There could be additional local and state laws. You could, for example, be charged with threatening the various property crimes in some areas.
- Homeowners do not have access to the airspace above their homes.
- Maintaining self-defense isn’t a sustainable choice for you.
- The drone operator can challenge you in civil court.
Hopefully, by reading this article, you will learn how to safely and legally take down a drone.